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Proceedings Paper

Microwave thermal imaging of scanned focused ultrasound heating: animal experiments
Author(s): Tian Zhou; Paul M. Meaney; P. Jack Hoopes; Shireen D. Geimer; Keith D. Paulsen
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Paper Abstract

High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) uses focused ultrasound beams to ablate localized tumors noninvasively. Multiple clinical trials using HIFU treatment of liver, kidney, breast, pancreas and brain tumors have been conducted, while monitoring the temperature distribution with various imaging modalities such as MRI, CT and ultrasound. HIFU has achieved only minimal acceptance partially due to insufficient guidance from the limited temperature monitoring capability and availability. MR proton resonance frequency (PRF) shift thermometry is currently the most effective monitoring method; however, it is insensitive in temperature changes in fat, susceptible to motion artifacts, and is high cost. Exploiting the relationship between dielectric properties (i.e. permittivity and conductivity) and tissue temperature, in vivo dielectric property distributions of tissue during heating were reconstructed with our microwave tomographic imaging technology. Previous phantom studies have demonstrated sub-Celsius temperature accuracy and sub-centimeter spatial resolution in microwave thermal imaging. In this paper, initial animal experiments have been conducted to further investigate its potential. In vivo conductivity changes inside the piglet's liver due to focused ultrasound heating were observed in the microwave images with good correlation between conductivity changes and temperature.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2011
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7901, Energy-based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VI, 79010N (23 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877584
Show Author Affiliations
Tian Zhou, Dartmouth College (United States)
Paul M. Meaney, Dartmouth College (United States)
P. Jack Hoopes, Dartmouth Medical School (United States)
Shireen D. Geimer, Dartmouth College (United States)
Keith D. Paulsen, Dartmouth College (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7901:
Energy-based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment VI
Thomas P. Ryan, Editor(s)

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