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Proceedings Paper

Modeling and design of a tunable refractive lens based on liquid crystals
Author(s): Liwei Li; Lei Shi; Doug Bryant; Tony Van Heugten; Dwight Duston; Philip J. Bos
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Paper Abstract

We show the modeling, design and fabrication for a tunable refractive lens based on liquid crystals. The lens has about 80 rings of transparent ITO conductor with an inter-ring resistor network. The width of each electrode is calculated to have maximum phase step within each electrode region about 1/8 λ. The gap between any 2 adjacent electrodes is 3 μm. The active diameter is about 4.7 mm, and our lens has a substrate gap of 10 μm, filled with a LC material of a large birefringence of Δn = 0.27. Through a via in a SiO2 layer deposited on the ITO pattern, we run metal lines to every 10th ring electrode for establishing the voltage profile, which is calculated by our simulation, taking into account the details of the electrode structure, the properties of the LC material used, and the desired focal length. To characterize the optical performance: we use a Mach-Zehnder interferometer to obtain the actual phase profile across the lens aperture, which fits the calculation very well in parabolic shape. An eye chart image through the lens is also taken, which shows very good resolution and contrast.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 January 2011
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7944, Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration XI, 79440S (17 January 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.876221
Show Author Affiliations
Liwei Li, Kent State Univ. (United States)
Lei Shi, Kent State Univ. (United States)
Doug Bryant, Kent State Univ. (United States)
Tony Van Heugten, eVision (United States)
Dwight Duston, eVision (United States)
Philip J. Bos, Kent State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7944:
Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration XI
Alexei L. Glebov; Ray T. Chen, Editor(s)

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