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Proceedings Paper

Implanted near-infrared spectroscopy for cardiac monitoring
Author(s): Sourav K. Bhunia; Can Cinbis
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Paper Abstract

Implanted Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) provides one of the most effective therapies for the prevention of sudden cardiac death, but also delivers some high voltage shocks inappropriately, causing morbidity and mortality. Implanted near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) may augment ICD arrhythmia detection by monitoring skeletal muscle perfusion. A two-wavelength, single-distance, continuous-wave implanted NIRS has been evaluated in-vivo. A weighted difference of the changes in attenuation at two wavelengths, across the isobestic point of the hemoglobin spectra, was taken to be the microvascular oxygenation trend indicator (O2 Index). Although the exact weight depends on the local vascular distribution and their oxygen levels, the hypothesis that a constant weight may be adequate for hemodynamic trending during short arrhythmic episodes, was tested. The sensor was implanted subcutaneously both on fresh tissue and inside scar tissue that formed around a pre-existing implant, in 3 animals each. Attenuations were recorded at 660 and 890 nm during normal sinus rhythm (NSR) and induced ventricular fibrillation (VF). The slope of the O2 Index over 10 seconds was computed for 7 NSR and 8 VF episodes in fresh and 13 NSR and 15 VF episodes in scar tissue pockets. The mean O2 Index slope was significantly different (p<0.0001) between NSR and VF rhythms for both the fresh and scar tissue pockets. Therefore implanted NIRS may be useful for preventing inappropriate detection of VF during electromagnetic interference, double counting of ECG T-wave as an R-wave, ICD lead failure, electrocardiographic aberrancy etc.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 February 2011
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7896, Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue IX, 789632 (17 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.875589
Show Author Affiliations
Sourav K. Bhunia, Medtronic, Inc. (United States)
Can Cinbis, Medtronic, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7896:
Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue IX
Bruce Jason Tromberg; Arjun G. Yodh; Mamoru Tamura; Eva Marie Sevick-Muraca; Robert R. Alfano, Editor(s)

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