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Proceedings Paper

Photothermal effects in tissues induced by interstitial irradiation of near infrared laser with a cylindrical diffuser
Author(s): Kelvin Le; Chet Johsi; Daniel Figueroa; Jessica Goddard; Xiaosong Li; Rheal A. Towner; Debra Saunders; Nataliya Smith; Hong Liu; Tomas Hode; Robert E. Nordquist; Wei R. Chen
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Paper Abstract

Laser immunotherapy (LIT), using non-invasive laser irradiation, has resulted in promising outcomes in the treatment of late-stage cancer patients. However, the tissue absorption of laser light limits the clinical applications of LIT in patients with dark skin, or with deep tumors. The present study is designed to investigate the thermal effects of interstitial irradiation using an 805-nm laser with a cylindrical diffuser, in order to overcome the limitations of the non-invasive mode of treatment. Cow liver and rat tumors were irradiated using interstitial fiber. The temperature increase was monitored by thermocouples that were inserted into the tissue at different sites around the cylinder fiber. Three-dimensional temperature distribution in target tissues during and after interstitial laser irradiation was also determined by Proton Resonance Frequency. The preliminary results showed that the output power of laser and the optical parameters of the target tissue determined the light distribution in the tissue. The temperature distributions varied in the tissue according to the locations relative to the active tip of the cylindrical diffuser. The temperature increase is strongly related to the laser power and irradiation time. Our results using thermocouples and optical sensors indicated that the PRF method is reliable and accurate for temperature determination. Although the inhomogeneous biological tissues could result in temperature fluctuation, the temperature trend still can be reliable enough for the guidance of interstitial irradiation. While this study provides temperature profiles in tumor tissue during interstitial irradiation, the biological effects of the irradiation remain unclear. Future studies will be needed, particularly in combination with the application of immunostimulant for inducing tumor-specific immune responses in the treatment of metastatic tumors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2011
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 7900, Biophotonics and Immune Responses VI, 79000B (23 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.873923
Show Author Affiliations
Kelvin Le, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
Chet Johsi, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
Daniel Figueroa, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
Jessica Goddard, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
Xiaosong Li, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese PLA General Hospital (China)
Chinese PLA General Hospital (China)
Rheal A. Towner, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (United States)
Debra Saunders, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (United States)
Nataliya Smith, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (United States)
Hong Liu, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
Tomas Hode, Immunophotonics, Inc. (United States)
Robert E. Nordquist, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
Wei R. Chen, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7900:
Biophotonics and Immune Responses VI
Wei R. Chen, Editor(s)

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