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Proceedings Paper

Finger temperature controller for non-invasive blood glucose measurement
Author(s): Xiqin Zhang; Choon Meng Ting; Joon Hock Yeo
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Paper Abstract

Blood glucose level is an important parameter for doctors to diagnose and treat diabetes. The Near-Infra-Red (NIR) spectroscopy method is the most promising approach and this involves measurement on the body skin. However it is noted that the skin temperature does fluctuate with the environmental and physiological conditions and we found that temperature has important influences on the glucose measurement. In-vitro and in-vivo investigations on the temperature influence on blood glucose measurement have been carried out. The in-vitro results show that water temperature has significant influence on water absorption. Since 90% of blood components are water, skin temperature of measurement site has significant influence on blood glucose measurement. Also the skin temperature is related to the blood volume, blood volume inside capillary vessels changes with skin temperature. In this paper the relationship of skin temperature and signal from the skin and inside tissue was studied at different finger temperatures. Our OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test) trials results show the laser signals follow the skin temperature trend and the correlation of signal and skin temperature is much stronger than the correlation of signal and glucose concentration. A finger heater device is designed to heat and maintain the skin temperature of measurement site. The heater is controlled by an electronic circuit according to the skin temperature sensed by a thermocouple that is put close to the measurement site. In vivo trials were carried out and the results show that the skin temperature significantly influences the signal fluctuations caused by pulsate blood and the average signal value.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 November 2010
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7845, Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics IV, 78452X (8 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.871377
Show Author Affiliations
Xiqin Zhang, Glucostats System (Singapore)
Choon Meng Ting, Glucostats System (Singapore)
Joon Hock Yeo, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7845:
Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics IV
Qingming Luo; Ying Gu; Xingde Li, Editor(s)

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