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Proceedings Paper

Laser damage by ns and sub-ps pulses on hafnia/silica anti-reflection coatings on fused silica double-sided polished using zirconia or ceria and washed with or without an alumina wash step
Author(s): John Bellum; Damon Kletecka; Mark Kimmel; Patrick Rambo; Ian Smith; Jens Schwarz; Briggs Atherton; Zachary Hobbs; Douglas Smith
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Paper Abstract

Sandia's Large Optics Coating Operation has extensive results of laser induced damage threshold (LIDT) testing of its anti-reflection (AR) and high reflection coatings on substrates pitch polished using ceria and washed in a process that includes an alumina wash step. The purpose of the alumina wash step is to remove residual polishing compound to minimize its role in laser damage. These LIDT tests are for multi longitudinal mode, ns class pulses at 1064 nm and 532 nm (NIF-MEL protocol) and mode locked, sub-ps class pulses at 1054 nm (Sandia measurements), and show reasonably high and adequate laser damage resistance for coatings in the beam trains of Sandia's Z-Backlighter terawatt and petawatt lasers. An AR coating in addition to coatings of our previous reports confirms this with LIDTs of 33.0 J/cm2 for 3.5 ns pulses and 1.8 J/cm2 for 350 fs pulses. In this paper, we investigate both ceria and zirconia in doublesided polishing (common for large flat Z-Backlighter laser optics) as they affect LIDTs of an AR coating on fused silica substrates washed with or without the alumina wash step. For these AR coated, double-sided polished surfaces, ceria polishing in general affords better resistance to laser damage than zirconia polishing and laser damage is less likely with the alumina wash step than without it. This is supported by specific results of laser damage tests with 3.5 ns, multi longitudinal mode, single shot pulses at 1064 nm and 532 nm, with 7.0 ns, single and multi longitudinal mode, single and multi shot pulses at 532 nm, and with 350 fs, mode-locked, single shot pulses at 1054 nm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 November 2010
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7842, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2010, 784208 (29 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.868350
Show Author Affiliations
John Bellum, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Damon Kletecka, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Mark Kimmel, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Patrick Rambo, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Ian Smith, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Jens Schwarz, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Briggs Atherton, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Zachary Hobbs, Sydor Optics, Inc. (United States)
Douglas Smith, Plymouth Grating Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7842:
Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2010
Gregory J. Exarhos; Vitaly E. Gruzdev; Joseph A. Menapace; Detlev Ristau; M. J. Soileau, Editor(s)

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