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Proceedings Paper

Effects of water vapor fluctuations on atmospheric limb radiance structure
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Paper Abstract

Airborne infrared limb-viewing sensors may be used as surveillance devices in order to detect dim military targets. These systems' performances are limited by the inhomogeneous background in the sensor field of view which impacts strongly on target detection probability. Consequently, the knowledge of the radiance small-scale angular fluctuations and their statistical properties is required to assess the sensors' detection capacity. In the stratosphere and in clear-sky conditions, the structured background is mainly due to inertia-gravity-wave and turbulence-induced temperature and density spatial fluctuations. Moreover, in the particular case of water vapor absorption bands, the mass fraction fluctuations play a non negligible role on the radiative field. Thereby, considering as a first approximation the temperature field and the water vapor field as stationary stochastic processes, the radiance autocorrelation function (ACF) can be expressed as a function of the temperature ACF and the water vapor mass fraction ACF. This paper presents the model developed to compute the two-dimensional radiance angular ACF. This model requires the absorption coefficients and their temperature derivatives, which were calculated by a line-by-line code dedicated to water vapor absorption bands. An analytical model was also developed for a simple homogeneous case, in order to validate the average values and the radiance fluctuation variance. The numerical model variance and variance distribution are also compared to SAMM2 outputs, the AFRL radiance structure computation code. The influence of water vapor fluctuations on radiance fluctuations is also discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 October 2010
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7827, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XV, 78270L (26 October 2010);
Show Author Affiliations
Carine Quang, ONERA (France)
Valérie Rialland, ONERA (France)
Antoine Roblin, ONERA (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7827:
Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XV
Richard H. Picard; Klaus Schäfer; Adolfo Comeron; Michiel van Weele, Editor(s)

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