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Proceedings Paper

Impact of model order and estimation window for indexing TerraSAR-X images using Gauss Markov random fields
Author(s): Daniela Espinoza-Molina; Mihai Datcu
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Paper Abstract

TerraSAR-X is the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) German satellite which provides a high diversity of information due to its high-resolution. TerraSAR-X acquires daily a volume of up to 100 GB of high complexity, multi-mode SAR images, i.e. SpotLight, StripMap, and ScanSAR data, with dual or quad-polarization, and with different look angles. The high and multiple resolutions of the instrument (1m, 3m or 10m) open perspectives for new applications, that were not possible with past lower resolution sensors (20-30m). Mainly the 1m and 3m modes we expect to support a broad range of new applications related to human activities with relevant structures and objects at the 1m scale. Thus, among the most interesting scenes are: urban, industrial, and rural data. In addition, the global coverage and the relatively frequent repeat pass will definitely help to acquire extremely relevant data sets. To analyze the available TerrrSAR-X data we rely on model based methods for feature extraction and despeckling. The image information content is extracted using model-based methods based on Gauss Markov Random Field (GMRF) and Bayesian inference approach. This approach enhances the local adaptation by using a prior model, which learns the image structure and enables to estimate the local description of the structures, acting as primitive feature extraction method. However, the GMRF model-based method uses as input parameters the Model Order (MO) and the size of Estimation Window (EW). The appropriated selection of these parameters allows us to improve the classification and indexing results due to the number of well separated classes could be determined by them. Our belief is that the selection of the MO depends on the kind of information that the image contains, explaining how well the model can recognize complex structures as objects, and according to the size of EW the accuracy of the estimation is determined. In the following, we present an evaluation of the impact of the model order selection and the estimation windows size using TerraSAR-X data. We determine how many classes can be indexed depending on the Model Order and Estimation Window. The experimental results shows a good choice is model order 3 and 4, and estimation window with radius 15 × 15 pixels size.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 October 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7829, SAR Image Analysis, Modeling, and Techniques X, 782907 (13 October 2010);
Show Author Affiliations
Daniela Espinoza-Molina, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (Germany)
Mihai Datcu, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (Germany)
Télécom Paris (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7829:
SAR Image Analysis, Modeling, and Techniques X
Claudia Notarnicola, Editor(s)

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