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Proceedings Paper

Microwave satellite data to quantify effects of global climate change on arctic rivers
Author(s): Zsofia Kugler; Robert Brakenridge; Tom De Groeve
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Paper Abstract

Research was conducted to monitor arctic river ice conditions in Siberia. The lack of traditional hydrological measurements in those remote inaccessible regions makes the use of satellite data a key technique in obtaining information on their hydrological cycle. The Global Flood Detection System (GFDS) based on microwave satellite data of AMSR-E system was used to observe river ice conditions in the polar region. The orbital gauging observations are serving the basis of artic river monitoring. The ice break-up in spring is a significant change in the river condition well detectable by the GFDS system. Variations in the time-series of several years can be mean to quantify effects of global climate change. Results show more significant change in the spring melting than in the freezing period. The ice-break up is showing more variation in Siberian rivers than in those of North-America. For this reason only the break-up period in the Siberian rivers was investigated. Limitation of the system is the length of the time-series still the trend shows that the period of ice-break up in the rivers are moving towards early spring.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 October 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7825, Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, and Large Water Regions 2010, 782508 (18 October 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.866021
Show Author Affiliations
Zsofia Kugler, Budapest Univ. of Technology and Economics (Hungary)
Robert Brakenridge, Dartmouth College (United States)
Tom De Groeve, DG-Joint Research Ctr. (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7825:
Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, and Large Water Regions 2010
Charles R. Bostater Jr.; Stelios P. Mertikas; Xavier Neyt; Miguel Velez-Reyes, Editor(s)

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