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Proceedings Paper

Performance improvements of binary diffractive structures via optimization of the photolithography and dry etch processes
Author(s): Kevin Welch; Jerry Leonard; Richard D. Jones
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Paper Abstract

Increasingly stringent requirements on the performance of diffractive optical elements (DOEs) used in wafer scanner illumination systems are driving continuous improvements in their associated manufacturing processes. Specifically, these processes are designed to improve the output pattern uniformity of off-axis illumination systems to minimize degradation in the ultimate imaging performance of a lithographic tool. In this paper, we discuss performance improvements in both photolithographic patterning and RIE etching of fused silica diffractive optical structures. In summary, optimized photolithographic processes were developed to increase critical dimension uniformity and featuresize linearity across the substrate. The photoresist film thickness was also optimized for integration with an improved etch process. This etch process was itself optimized for pattern transfer fidelity, sidewall profile (wall angle, trench bottom flatness), and across-wafer etch depth uniformity. Improvements observed with these processes on idealized test structures (for ease of analysis) led to their implementation in product flows, with comparable increases in performance and yield on customer designs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 August 2010
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7789, Laser Beam Shaping XI, 778906 (16 August 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.859893
Show Author Affiliations
Kevin Welch, Tessera (United States)
Jerry Leonard, Tessera (United States)
Richard D. Jones, Tessera (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7789:
Laser Beam Shaping XI
Andrew Forbes; Todd E. Lizotte, Editor(s)

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