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Proceedings Paper

Fast autonomous holographic adaptive optics
Author(s): G. Andersen
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Paper Abstract

We have created a new adaptive optics system using a holographic modal wavefront sensing method capable of autonomous (computer-free) closed-loop control of a MEMS deformable mirror. A multiplexed hologram is recorded using the maximum and minimum actuator positions on the deformable mirror as the "modes". On reconstruction, an input beam will be diffracted into pairs of focal spots - the ratio of particular pairs determines the absolute wavefront phase at a particular actuator location. The wavefront measurement is made using a fast, sensitive photo-detector array such as a multi-pixel photon counters. This information is then used to directly control each actuator in the MEMS DM without the need for any computer in the loop. We present initial results of a 32-actuator prototype device. We further demonstrate that being an all-optical, parallel processing scheme, the speed is independent of the number of actuators. In fact, the limitations on speed are ultimately determined by the maximum driving speed of the DM actuators themselves. Finally, being modal in nature, the system is largely insensitive to both obscuration and scintillation. This should make it ideal for laser beam transmission or imaging under highly turbulent conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 July 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77362O (28 July 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.855671
Show Author Affiliations
G. Andersen, Air Force Academy (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7736:
Adaptive Optics Systems II
Brent L. Ellerbroek; Michael Hart; Norbert Hubin; Peter L. Wizinowich, Editor(s)

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