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Proceedings Paper

Multiscale analysis: a way to investigate laser damage precursors in materials for high power applications at nanosecond pulse duration
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Paper Abstract

The mechanism of laser induced damage in optical materials under high power nanosecond laser irradiation is commonly attributed to the presence of precursor centers. Depending on material and laser source, the precursors could have different origins. Some of them are clearly extrinsic, such as impurities or structural defects linked to the fabrication conditions. In most cases the center size ranging from sub-micrometer to nanometer scale does not permit an easy detection by optical techniques before irradiation. Most often, only a post mortem observation of optics permits to proof the local origin of breakdown. Multi-scale analyzes by changing irradiation beam size have been performed to investigate the density, size and nature of laser damage precursors. Destructive methods such as raster scan, laser damage probability plot and morphology studies permit to deduce the precursor densities. Another experimental way to get information on nature of precursors is to use non destructive methods such as photoluminescence and absorption measurements. The destructive and non destructive multiscale studies are also motivated for practical reasons. Indeed LIDT studies of large optics as those used in LMJ or NIF projects are commonly performed on small samples and with table top lasers whose characteristics change from one to another. In these conditions, it is necessary to know exactly the influence of the different experimental parameters and overall the spot size effect on the final data. In this paper, we present recent developments in multiscale characterization and results obtained on optical coatings (surface case) and KDP crystal (bulk case).

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 December 2010
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7842, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2010, 784217 (6 December 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.855605
Show Author Affiliations
J. Y. Natoli, Institut Fresnel, CNRS, Univ. Aix-Marseille (France)
F. Wagner, Institut Fresnel, CNRS, Univ. Aix-Marseille (France)
A. Ciapponi, Institut Fresnel, CNRS, Univ. Aix-Marseille (France)
J. Capoulade, Institut Fresnel, CNRS, Univ. Aix-Marseille (France)
L. Gallais, Institut Fresnel, CNRS, Univ. Aix-Marseille (France)
M. Commandré, Institut Fresnel, CNRS, Univ. Aix-Marseille (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7842:
Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2010
Gregory J. Exarhos; Vitaly E. Gruzdev; Joseph A. Menapace; Detlev Ristau; M. J. Soileau, Editor(s)

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