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Proceedings Paper

Thin film encapsulated 1D thermoelectric detector in an IR microspectrometer
Author(s): Huaiwen Wu; Arvin Emadi; Ger de Graaf; Reinoud F. Wolffenbuttel
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Paper Abstract

A thermopile-based detector array for use in a miniaturized Infrared (IR) spectrometer has been designed and fabricated using CMOS compatible MEMS technology. The emphasis is on the optimal of the detector array at the system level, while considering the thermal design, the dimensional constraints of a design on a chip and the CMOS compatibility. The resolving power is maximized by spacing the Thermo-Electric (TE) elements at an as narrow as possible pitch, which is limited by processing constraints. The large aspect ratio of the TE elements implies a large cross-sectional area between adjacent elements within the array and results in a relatively large lateral heat exchange between micromachined elements by thermal diffusion. This thermal cross-talk is about 10% in case of a gap spacing of 10 μm between elements. Therefore, the detector array should be packaged (and operated) in vacuum in order to reduce the cross-talk due to the air conduction through the gap. Thin film packaging is a solution to achieve an operating air pressure at 1.3 mBar, which reduces the cross-talk to 0.4%. One of other advantages of having low operating pressure is the increased sensitivity of single TE element. An absorber based on an optical interference filter design is also designed and fabricated as an IC compatible post-process on top the detector array. The combination of the use of CMOS compatible materials and processing with high absorbance in 1.5 - 5 μm wavelength range makes a complete on-chip microspectrometer possible.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 May 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7726, Optical Sensing and Detection, 772612 (13 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.854182
Show Author Affiliations
Huaiwen Wu, Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)
Arvin Emadi, Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)
Ger de Graaf, Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)
Reinoud F. Wolffenbuttel, Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7726:
Optical Sensing and Detection
Francis Berghmans; Anna Grazia Mignani; Chris A. van Hoof, Editor(s)

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