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Proceedings Paper

Part-task simulation of synthetic and enhanced vision concepts for lunar landing
Author(s): Jarvis J. Arthur III; Randall E. Bailey; E. Bruce Jackson; James R. Barnes; Steven P. Williams; Lynda J Kramer
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Paper Abstract

During Apollo, the constraints placed by the design of the Lunar Module (LM) window for crew visibility and landing trajectory were "a major problem." Lunar landing trajectories were tailored to provide crew visibility using nearly 70 degrees look-down angle from the canted LM windows. Apollo landings were scheduled only at specific times and locations to provide optimal sunlight on the landing site. The complications of trajectory design and crew visibility are still a problem today. Practical vehicle designs for lunar lander missions using optimal or near-optimal fuel trajectories render the natural vision of the crew from windows inadequate for the approach and landing task. Further, the sun angles for the desirable landing areas in the lunar polar regions create visually powerful, season-long shadow effects. Fortunately, Synthetic and Enhanced Vision (S/EV) technologies, conceived and developed in the aviation domain, may provide solutions to this visibility problem and enable additional benefits for safer, more efficient lunar operations. Piloted simulation evaluations have been conducted to assess the handling qualities of the various lunar landing concepts, including the influence of cockpit displays and the informational data and formats. Evaluation pilots flew various landing scenarios with S/EV displays. For some of the evaluation trials, an eye glasses-mounted, monochrome monocular display, coupled with head tracking, was worn. The head-worn display scene consisted of S/EV fusion concepts. The results of this experiment showed that a head-worn system did not increase the pilot's workload when compared to using just the head-down displays. As expected, the head-worn system did not provide an increase in performance measures. Some pilots commented that the head-worn system provided greater situational awareness compared to just head-down displays.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 May 2010
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 7689, Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2010, 768904 (5 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.852917
Show Author Affiliations
Jarvis J. Arthur III, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
Randall E. Bailey, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
E. Bruce Jackson, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
James R. Barnes, ARINC, Inc. (United States)
Steven P. Williams, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
Lynda J Kramer, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7689:
Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2010
Jeff J. Güell; Kenneth L. Bernier, Editor(s)

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