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Proceedings Paper

Micromechanical analysis of damping performance of piezoelectric structural fiber composites
Author(s): Qingli Dai; Kenny Ng
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Paper Abstract

Recent studies showed that the active piezoelectric structural fiber (PSF) composites may achieve significant and simultaneous improvements in sensing/actuating, stiffness, fracture toughness and vibration damping. These characteristics can be of particular importance in various civil, mechanical and aerospace structures. This study firstly conducted the micromechanical finite element analysis to predict the elastic properties and piezoelectrical coupling parameters of a special type of an active PSF composite laminate. The PSF composite laminates are made of longitudinally poled PSFs that are unidirectionally deployed in the polymer binding matrix. The passive damping performance of these active composites was studied under the cyclic force loadings with different frequencies. It was found that the passive electric-mechanical coupling behavior can absorb limited dynamic energy and delay the structure responses with minimum viscoelastic damping. The actuating function of piezoelectric materials was then applied to reduce the dynamic mechanical deformation. The step voltage inputs were imposed to the interdigital electrodes of PSF laminate transducer along the poled direction. The cyclic pressure loading was applied transversely to the composite laminate. The electromechnical interaction with the 1-3 coupling parameter generated the transverse expansion, which can reduce the cyclic deformation evenly by shifting the response waves. This study shows the promise in using this type of active composites as actuators to improve stability of the structure dynamic.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2010
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7644, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2010, 76441K (30 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.851827
Show Author Affiliations
Qingli Dai, Michigan Technological Univ. (United States)
Kenny Ng, Michigan Technological Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7644:
Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2010
Zoubeida Ounaies; Jiangyu Li, Editor(s)

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