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Proceedings Paper

Human-robot interaction modeling and simulation of supervisory control and situational awareness during field experimentation with military manned and unmanned ground vehicles
Author(s): Tony Johnson; Jason Metcalfe; Benjamin Brewster; Christopher Manteuffel; Matthew Jaswa; Terrance Tierney
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Paper Abstract

The proliferation of intelligent systems in today's military demands increased focus on the optimization of human-robot interactions. Traditional studies in this domain involve large-scale field tests that require humans to operate semiautomated systems under varying conditions within military-relevant scenarios. However, provided that adequate constraints are employed, modeling and simulation can be a cost-effective alternative and supplement. The current presentation discusses a simulation effort that was executed in parallel with a field test with Soldiers operating military vehicles in an environment that represented key elements of the true operational context. In this study, "constructive" human operators were designed to represent average Soldiers executing supervisory control over an intelligent ground system. The constructive Soldiers were simulated performing the same tasks as those performed by real Soldiers during a directly analogous field test. Exercising the models in a high-fidelity virtual environment provided predictive results that represented actual performance in certain aspects, such as situational awareness, but diverged in others. These findings largely reflected the quality of modeling assumptions used to design behaviors and the quality of information available on which to articulate principles of operation. Ultimately, predictive analyses partially supported expectations, with deficiencies explicable via Soldier surveys, experimenter observations, and previously-identified knowledge gaps.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 May 2010
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7692, Unmanned Systems Technology XII, 76920A (7 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.850653
Show Author Affiliations
Tony Johnson, DCS Corp. (United States)
Jason Metcalfe, DCS Corp. (United States)
Benjamin Brewster, DCS Corp. (United States)
Christopher Manteuffel, DCS Corp. (United States)
Matthew Jaswa, DCS Corp. (United States)
Terrance Tierney, U.S. Army Tank-Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7692:
Unmanned Systems Technology XII
Grant R. Gerhart; Douglas W. Gage; Charles M. Shoemaker, Editor(s)

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