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Proceedings Paper

Multiple tests for wind turbine fault detection and score fusion using two- level multidimensional scaling (MDS)
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Paper Abstract

Wind is an important renewable energy source. The energy and economic return from building wind farms justify the expensive investments in doing so. However, without an effective monitoring system, underperforming or faulty turbines will cause a huge loss in revenue. Early detection of such failures help prevent these undesired working conditions. We develop three tests on power curve, rotor speed curve, pitch angle curve of individual turbine. In each test, multiple states are defined to distinguish different working conditions, including complete shut-downs, under-performing states, abnormally frequent default states, as well as normal working states. These three tests are combined to reach a final conclusion, which is more effective than any single test. Through extensive data mining of historical data and verification from farm operators, some state combinations are discovered to be strong indicators of spindle failures, lightning strikes, anemometer faults, etc, for fault detection. In each individual test, and in the score fusion of these tests, we apply multidimensional scaling (MDS) to reduce the high dimensional feature space into a 3-dimensional visualization, from which it is easier to discover turbine working information. This approach gains a qualitative understanding of turbine performance status to detect faults, and also provides explanations on what has happened for detailed diagnostics. The state-of-the-art SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) system in industry can only answer the question whether there are abnormal working states, and our evaluation of multiple states in multiple tests is also promising for diagnostics. In the future, these tests can be readily incorporated in a Bayesian network for intelligent analysis and decision support.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 April 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7704, Evolutionary and Bio-Inspired Computation: Theory and Applications IV, 770409 (15 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.850598
Show Author Affiliations
Xiang Ye, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
Weihua Gao, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
Yanjun Yan, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
Lisa Ann Osadciw, Syracuse Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7704:
Evolutionary and Bio-Inspired Computation: Theory and Applications IV
Teresa H. O'Donnell; Misty Blowers; Kevin L. Priddy, Editor(s)

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