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Proceedings Paper

Correction of projective distortion in long-image-sequence mosaics without prior information
Author(s): Chenhui Yang; Hongwei Mao; Glen Abousleman; Jennie Si
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Paper Abstract

Image mosaicking is the process of piecing together multiple video frames or still images from a moving camera to form a wide-area or panoramic view of the scene being imaged. Mosaics have widespread applications in many areas such as security surveillance, remote sensing, geographical exploration, agricultural field surveillance, virtual reality, digital video, and medical image analysis, among others. When mosaicking a large number of still images or video frames, the quality of the resulting mosaic is compromised by projective distortion. That is, during the mosaicking process, the image frames that are transformed and pasted to the mosaic become significantly scaled down and appear out of proportion with respect to the mosaic. As more frames continue to be transformed, important target information in the frames can be lost since the transformed frames become too small, which eventually leads to the inability to continue further. Some projective distortion correction techniques make use of prior information such as GPS information embedded within the image, or camera internal and external parameters. Alternatively, this paper proposes a new algorithm to reduce the projective distortion without using any prior information whatsoever. Based on the analysis of the projective distortion, we approximate the projective matrix that describes the transformation between image frames using an affine model. Using singular value decomposition, we can deduce the affine model scaling factor that is usually very close to 1. By resetting the image scale of the affine model to 1, the transformed image size remains unchanged. Even though the proposed correction introduces some error in the image matching, this error is typically acceptable and more importantly, the final mosaic preserves the original image size after transformation. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this new correction algorithm on two real-world unmanned air vehicle (UAV) sequences. The proposed method is shown to be effective and suitable for real-time implementation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 April 2010
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7668, Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications VII, 76680Q (26 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.849854
Show Author Affiliations
Chenhui Yang, Arizona State Univ. (United States)
Hongwei Mao, Arizona State Univ. (United States)
Glen Abousleman, General Dynamics C4 Systems (United States)
Jennie Si, Arizona State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7668:
Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications VII
Daniel J. Henry, Editor(s)

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