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Proceedings Paper

Propulsion health monitoring of a turbine engine disk using spin test data
Author(s): Ali Abdul-Aziz; Mark Woike; Nikunj Oza; Bryan Matthews; George Baakilini
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Paper Abstract

On line detection techniques to monitor the health of rotating engine components are becoming increasingly attractive options to aircraft engine companies in order to increase safety of operation and lower maintenance costs. Health monitoring remains a challenging feature to easily implement, especially, in the presence of scattered loading conditions, crack size, component geometry and materials properties. The current trend, however, is to utilize noninvasive types of health monitoring or nondestructive techniques to detect hidden flaws and mini cracks before any catastrophic event occurs. These techniques go further to evaluate materials' discontinuities and other anomalies that have grown to the level of critical defects which can lead to failure. Generally, health monitoring is highly dependent on sensor systems that are capable of performing in various engine environmental conditions and able to transmit a signal upon a predetermined crack length, while acting in a neutral form upon the overall performance of the engine system. Efforts are under way at NASA Glenn Research Center through support of the Intelligent Vehicle Health Management Project (IVHM) to develop and implement such sensor technology for a wide variety of applications. These efforts are focused on developing high temperature, wireless, low cost and durable products. Therefore, in an effort to address the technical issues concerning health monitoring of a rotor disk, this paper considers data collected from an experimental study using high frequency capacitive sensor technology to capture blade tip clearance and tip timing measurements in a rotating engine-like-disk-to predict the disk faults and assess its structural integrity. The experimental results collected at a range of rotational speeds from tests conducted at the NASA Glenn Research Center's Rotordynamics Laboratory will be evaluated using multiple data-driven anomaly detection techniques to identify anomalies in the disk. This study is expected to present a select evaluation of online health monitoring of a rotating disk using these high caliber sensors and test the capability of the in-house spin system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 April 2010
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7650, Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2010, 76501B (8 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.847574
Show Author Affiliations
Ali Abdul-Aziz, NASA Glenn Research Ctr. (United States)
Mark Woike, NASA Glenn Research Ctr. (United States)
Nikunj Oza, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
Bryan Matthews, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
George Baakilini, NASA Glenn Research Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7650:
Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2010
Tribikram Kundu, Editor(s)

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