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Proceedings Paper

Direct measurement sensor of the boundary shear stress in fluid flow
Author(s): Mircea Badescu; Xiaoqi Bao; Yoseph Bar-Cohen; Zensheu Chang; Kornel Kerenyi; Shyh-Shiuh Lih; Stewart Sherrit; Brian P. Trease; Beck Chen; Scott Widholm
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Paper Abstract

The flow fields and boundary erosion that are associated with scour at bridge piers are very complex. Direct measurement of the boundary shear stress and boundary pressure fluctuations in experimental scour research has always been a challenge and high spatial resolution and fidelity have been almost impossible. Most researchers have applied an indirect process to determine shear stress using precise measured velocity profiles. Laser Doppler Anemometry and Particle Image Velocimetry are common techniques used to accurately measure velocity profiles. These methods are based on theoretical assumptions to estimate boundary shear stress. In addition, available turbulence models cannot very well account for the effect of bed roughness which is fundamentally important for any CFD simulation. The authors have taken on the challenge to advance the magnitude level to which direct measurements of the shear stress in water flow can be performed. This paper covered the challenges and the efforts to develop a higher accuracy and small spatial resolution sensor. Also, preliminary sensor designs and test results are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 March 2010
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 7647, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2010, 76471C (31 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.847325
Show Author Affiliations
Mircea Badescu, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Xiaoqi Bao, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Zensheu Chang, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Kornel Kerenyi, Federal Highway Administration (United States)
Shyh-Shiuh Lih, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Stewart Sherrit, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Brian P. Trease, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Beck Chen, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Scott Widholm, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7647:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2010
Masayoshi Tomizuka, Editor(s)

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