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Proceedings Paper

Wave propagation and structural dynamics in graphene nanoribbons
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Paper Abstract

Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) are novel interesting nanostructures for the electronics industry, whereas their state as metallic or semiconductor material depends on the chirality of the graphene. We model the natural frequencies and the wave propagation characteristics of GNRs using an equivalent atomistic-continuum FE model previously developed by some of the Authors, where the C-C bonds thickness and average equilibrium lengths during the dynamic loading are identified through the minimisation of the system Hamiltonian. A molecular mechanics model based on the UFF potential is used to benchmark the hybrid FE models developed. The wave dispersion characteristics of the GNRs are simulated using a Floquet-based wave technique used to predict the pass-stop bands of periodic structures. We demonstrate that the thickness and equilibrium lengths for the different dynamic cases are different from the classical constant values used in open literature (0.34 nm for thickness and 0.142 nm for equilibrium length), in particular when considering out-of-plane flexural deformations. These parameters have to be taken into account when nanoribbons are designed as nano-oscillators.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2010
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7646, Nanosensors, Biosensors, and Info-Tech Sensors and Systems 2010, 76461A (30 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.847016
Show Author Affiliations
F. Scarpa, Univ. of Bristol (United Kingdom)
M. Ruzzene, Georgia Institute of Technology (United States)
S. Adhikari, Swansea Univ. (United Kingdom)
R. Chowdhury, Swansea Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7646:
Nanosensors, Biosensors, and Info-Tech Sensors and Systems 2010
Vijay K. Varadan, Editor(s)

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