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Proceedings Paper

Conducting polymers as simultaneous sensor-actuators
Author(s): Toribio Fernández-Otero; Gemma Vázquez; Laura Valero
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Paper Abstract

Environmental and electrical variables, as temperature, electrolyte concentration or driving current, influence oxidation and reduction oxidation rates of free-standing polypyrrole/DBSA/ClO4- films. Under flow of a constant current for a constant time, decreasing electrical energies are consumed to oxidize or to reduce the film under increasing temperatures or rising electrolyte concentrations. By consuming the same charge under flow of rising constant currents, the consumed electrical energy increases. As conclusion the consumed electrical energy by flow of constant charges during oxidation, or reduction, of the film is a sensor of the electrochemical cell temperature, the electrolyte concentration or the flowing current. Those sensing capabilities seem to be a general property of the electrochemistry of conducting polymers. Any electrochemical based device, as actuators, polymeric batteries, smart membranes, smart drug delivery devices and others, are expected to sense environmental conditions while working. The sensing abilities of a complex actuator constituted by four polypyrrole films, two acting as electrodes (anodes or cathodes) and the other two as counter electrodes (cathodes or anodes, respectively) are presented. Experimental results are equivalent to sensing charge/discharge processes in all polymeric batteries.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 April 2010
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7642, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2010, 76420W (9 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.846095
Show Author Affiliations
Toribio Fernández-Otero, Univ. Politécnica de Cartagena (Spain)
Gemma Vázquez, Univ. Politécnica de Cartagena (Spain)
Laura Valero, Univ. Politécnica de Cartagena (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7642:
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2010
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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