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Proceedings Paper

Growth factor deprivation induces cytosolic translocation of SIRT1
Author(s): Chengbo Meng; Da Xing; Shengnan Wu; Lei Huang
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Paper Abstract

Sirtuin type 1 (SIRT1), a NAD+-dependent histone deacetylases, plays a critical role in cellular senescence, aging and longevity. In general, SIRT1 is localized in nucleus and is believed as a nuclear protein. Though overexpression of SIRT1 delays senescence, SIRT1-protein levels decline naturally in thymus and heart during aging. In the present studies, we investigated the subcellular localization of SIRT1 in response to growth factor deprivation in African green monkey SV40-transformed kidney fibroblast cells (COS-7). Using SIRT1-EGFP fluorescence reporter, we found that SIRT1 localized to nucleus in physiological conditions. We devised a model enabling cell senescence via growth factor deprivation, and we found that SIRT1 partially translocated to cytosol under the treatment, suggesting a reduced level of SIRT1's activity. We found PI3K/Akt pathway was involved in the inhibition of SIRT1's cytosolic translocation, because inhibition of these kinases significantly decreased the amount of SIRT1 maintained in nucleus. Taken together, we demonstrated that growth factor deprivation induces cytosolic translocation of SIRT1, which suggesting a possible connection between cytoplasm-localized SIRT1 and the aging process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 February 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7565, Biophotonics and Immune Responses V, 75650M (11 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.840605
Show Author Affiliations
Chengbo Meng, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Da Xing, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Shengnan Wu, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Lei Huang, South China Normal Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7565:
Biophotonics and Immune Responses V
Wei R. Chen, Editor(s)

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