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Proceedings Paper

Application of self-balanced loading test to socketed pile in weak rock
Author(s): Ye Cheng; Weiming Gong; Guoliang Dai; JingKun Wu
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Paper Abstract

Method of self-balanced loading test differs from the traditional methods of pile test. The key equipment of the test is a cell. The cell specially designed is used to exert load which is placed in pile body. During the test, displacement values of the top plate and the bottom plate of the cell are recorded according to every level of load. So Q-S curves can be obtained. In terms of test results, the bearing capacity of pile can be judged. Equipments of the test are simply and cost of it is low. Under some special conditions, the method will take a great advantage. In Guangxi Province, tertiary mudstone distributes widely which is typical weak rock. It is usually chosen as the bearing stratum of pile foundation. In order to make full use of its high bearing capacity, pile is generally designed as belled pile. Foundations of two high-rise buildings which are close to each other are made up of belled socketed piles in weak rock. To obtain the bearing capacity of the belled socketed pile in weak rock, loading test in situ should be taken since it is not reasonable that experimental compression strength of the mudstone is used for design. The self-balanced loading test was applied to eight piles of two buildings. To get the best test effect, the assembly of cell should be taken different modes in terms of the depth that pile socketed in rock and the dimension of the enlarged toe. The assembly of cells had been taken three modes, and tests were carried on successfully. By the self-balanced loading test, the large bearing capacities of belled socketed piles were obtained. Several key parameters required in design were achieved from the tests. For the data of tests had been analyzed, the bearing performance of pile tip, pile side and whole pile was revealed. It is further realized that the bearing capacity of belled socketed pile in the mudstone will decrease after the mudstone it socketed in has been immerged. Among kinds of mineral ingredient in the mudstone, montmorillonite is much. And in the size composition, content of cosmid is high. For specific surface area of cosmid is large and water intake capacity of it is strong, water content has great effect on strength of the mudstone. Along with water content increasing, strength of the mudstone declines nonlinear apparently. Since effective measures had been taken, the mudstone was prohibited from being immerged during construction. And valuable experience has been accumulated for similar projects construction henceforth.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 August 2009
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7375, ICEM 2008: International Conference on Experimental Mechanics 2008, 73756E (25 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.839377
Show Author Affiliations
Ye Cheng, Southeast Univ. (China)
Nanjing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China)
Weiming Gong, Southeast Univ. (China)
Guoliang Dai, Southeast Univ. (China)
JingKun Wu, Nanjing Architectural Design & Research Institute (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7375:
ICEM 2008: International Conference on Experimental Mechanics 2008
Xiaoyuan He; Huimin Xie; YiLan Kang, Editor(s)

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