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Proceedings Paper

Crack networks developed in thin films of silica-based photonic crystals
Author(s): Yuan Ming Huang; Bao-gai Zhai; Fu-fang Zhou
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Paper Abstract

Submicrometer-sized silica spheres were synthesized by hydrolyzing and condensing tetraethyl orthosilicate in ethyl alcohol. If the resultant silica spheres were sticky, densely distributed cracks were developed in the silica-based thin films when sticky silica spheres were cast onto silicon wafers and then dried in oven at about 40°C. If the resultant silica spheres were non-sticky, crack-free photonic crystals could be obtained when non-sticky silica spheres were cast onto glass substrates and then slowly dried in air. Characterized with the scanning electron microscopy and computer simulation, the characteristics of the cracks were analyzed and their fractal dimensions were calculated to be in the range of 2.4-2.7. Our results demonstrated that crack-free silica-based photonic crystals could be obtained by minimizing residual stresses in the thin films. The formation mechanisms of the cracks were discussed for the case of our silicabased thin films.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 August 2009
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7375, ICEM 2008: International Conference on Experimental Mechanics 2008, 73755G (25 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.839343
Show Author Affiliations
Yuan Ming Huang, Yunnan Normal Univ. (China)
Bao-gai Zhai, Yunnan Normal Univ. (China)
Fu-fang Zhou, Yunnan Normal Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7375:
ICEM 2008: International Conference on Experimental Mechanics 2008
Xiaoyuan He; Huimin Xie; YiLan Kang, Editor(s)

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