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Proceedings Paper

Analytical method for distribution of metallic gasket contact stress
Author(s): Xiu Feng; Boqing Gu; Long Wei; Jianjun Sun
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Paper Abstract

Metallic gasket seals have been widely used in chemical and petrochemical plants. The failure of sealing system will lead to enormous pecuniary loss, serious environment pollution and personal injury accident. The failure of sealing systems is mostly caused not by the strength of flanges or bolts but by the leakage of the connections. The leakage behavior of bolted flanged connections is related to the gasket contact stress. In particular, the non-uniform distribution of this stress in the radial direction caused by the flange rotational flexibility has a major influence on the tightness of bolted flanged connections. In this paper, based on Warters method and considering the operating pressure, the deformation of the flanges is analyzed theoretically, and the formula for calculating the angle of rotation of the flanges is derived, based on which and the mechanical property of the gasket material, the method for calculating the gasket contact stresses is put forward. The maximum stress at the gasket outer flank calculated by the analytical method is lower than that obtained by numerical simulation, but the mean stresses calculated by the two methods are nearly the same. The analytical method presented in this paper can be used as an engineering method for designing the metallic gasket connections.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 August 2009
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7375, ICEM 2008: International Conference on Experimental Mechanics 2008, 73750F (24 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.839018
Show Author Affiliations
Xiu Feng, Nanjing College of Chemical Technology (China)
Boqing Gu, Nanjing Univ. of Technology (China)
Long Wei, Nanjing College of Chemical Technology (China)
Jianjun Sun, Southeast Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7375:
ICEM 2008: International Conference on Experimental Mechanics 2008
Xiaoyuan He; Huimin Xie; YiLan Kang, Editor(s)

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