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Proceedings Paper

Spatio-temporal contextual approaches to mapping land cover change based on remote sensing imagery
Author(s): Jingxiong Zhang; Jinping Zhang; Yunwei Tang; Jiong You
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Paper Abstract

This paper explores data-driven methods for quantifying and incorporating spatio-temporal contextual information in the mapping of land cover change. In remote sensing, area classes of land cover are typically mapped via statistical manipulation of feature-space measurement, e.g., reflectance data, and other ancillary data. Contextual information has been known to have the potential of increasing the accuracy of land cover classification and change detection, on the ground that land cover often exhibits spatial and temporal correlations and, as such, should be properly accommodated. In Bayesian methods, a priori probabilities of class occurrences can be considered as contextual information, which are combined with class-conditional probability densities to arrive at discriminant decisions with minimized misclassification. These prior probabilities may be made to vary locally to honor variability in the strengths of spatial dependence in class occurrences. For deriving local prior joint probabilities in land cover co-occurrences over time, a modified Expectation and Maximization (EM) algorithm was developed, in which a local window size can be adjusted in the light of spatial dependences inferred from class probability densities computed from spectral data. Empirical studies were performed using bi-temporal Landsat TM image subsets in Wuhan, which confirmed the comparative benefits of incorporating localized prior probabilities in land cover change detection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 October 2009
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7492, International Symposium on Spatial Analysis, Spatial-Temporal Data Modeling, and Data Mining, 74923Y (15 October 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.838544
Show Author Affiliations
Jingxiong Zhang, Wuhan Univ. (China)
Jinping Zhang, Wuhan Univ. (China)
Yunwei Tang, Wuhan Univ. (China)
Jiong You, Wuhan Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7492:
International Symposium on Spatial Analysis, Spatial-Temporal Data Modeling, and Data Mining
Yaolin Liu; Xinming Tang, Editor(s)

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