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Proceedings Paper

Monocular zones in stereoscopic scenes: A useful source of information for human binocular vision?
Author(s): Julie M. Harris
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Paper Abstract

When an object is closer to an observer than the background, the small differences between right and left eye views are interpreted by the human brain as depth. This basic ability of the human visual system, called stereopsis, lies at the core of all binocular three-dimensional (3-D) perception and related technological display development. To achieve stereopsis, it is traditionally assumed that corresponding locations in the right and left eye's views must first be matched, then the relative differences between right and left eye locations are used to calculate depth. But this is not the whole story. At every object-background boundary, there are regions of the background that only one eye can see because, in the other eye's view, the foreground object occludes that region of background. Such monocular zones do not have a corresponding match in the other eye's view and can thus cause problems for depth extraction algorithms. In this paper I will discuss evidence, from our knowledge of human visual perception, illustrating that monocular zones do not pose problems for our human visual systems, rather, our visual systems can extract depth from such zones. I review the relevant human perception literature in this area, and show some recent data aimed at quantifying the perception of depth from monocular zones. The paper finishes with a discussion of the potential importance of considering monocular zones, for stereo display technology and depth compression algorithms.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 February 2010
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7524, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXI, 752415 (24 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.837465
Show Author Affiliations
Julie M. Harris, Univ. of St. Andrews (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7524:
Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXI
Andrew J. Woods; Nicolas S. Holliman; Neil A. Dodgson, Editor(s)

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