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Proceedings Paper

Simulation of temporal and spatial distribution of required irrigation water by crop models and the pan evaporation coefficient method
Author(s): Yan-min Yang; Yonghui Yang; Shu-min Han; Yu-kun Hu
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Paper Abstract

Hebei Plain is the most important agricultural belt in North China. Intensive irrigation, low and uneven precipitation have led to severe water shortage on the plain. This study is an attempt to resolve this crucial issue of water shortage for sustainable agricultural production and water resources management. The paper models distributed regional irrigation requirement for a range of cultivated crops on the plain. Classic crop models like DSSAT- wheat/maize and COTTON2K are used in combination with pan-evaporation coefficient method to estimate water requirements for wheat, corn, cotton, fruit-trees and vegetables. The approach is more accurate than the static approach adopted in previous studies. This is because the combination use of crop models and pan-evaporation coefficient method dynamically accounts for irrigation requirement at different growth stages of crops, agronomic practices, and field and climatic conditions. The simulation results show increasing Required Irrigation Amount (RIA) with time. RIA ranges from 5.08×109 m3 to 14.42×109 m3 for the period 1986~2006, with an annual average of 10.6×109 m3. Percent average water use by wheat, fruit trees, vegetable, corn and cotton is 41%, 12%, 12%, 11%, 7% and 17% respectively. RIA for April and May (the period with the highest irrigation water use) is 1.78×109 m3 and 2.41×109 m3 respectively. The counties in the piedmont regions of Mount Taihang have high RIA while the central and eastern regions/counties have low irrigation requirement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 July 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7490, PIAGENG 2009: Intelligent Information, Control, and Communication Technology for Agricultural Engineering, 74902G (10 July 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.836674
Show Author Affiliations
Yan-min Yang, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology (China)
Yonghui Yang, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology (China)
Shu-min Han, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology (China)
Yu-kun Hu, Hebei Provincial Academy of Water Resources (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7490:
PIAGENG 2009: Intelligent Information, Control, and Communication Technology for Agricultural Engineering
Honghua Tan; Qi Luo, Editor(s)

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