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Proceedings Paper

Algorithms exploiting ultrasonic sensors for subject classification
Author(s): Sachi Desai; Shafik Quoraishee
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Paper Abstract

Proposed here is a series of techniques exploiting micro-Doppler ultrasonic sensors capable of characterizing various detected mammalian targets based on their physiological movements captured a series of robust features. Employed is a combination of unique and conventional digital signal processing techniques arranged in such a manner they become capable of classifying a series of walkers. These processes for feature extraction develops a robust feature space capable of providing discrimination of various movements generated from bipeds and quadrupeds and further subdivided into large or small. These movements can be exploited to provide specific information of a given signature dividing it in a series of subset signatures exploiting wavelets to generate start/stop times. After viewing a series spectrograms of the signature we are able to see distinct differences and utilizing kurtosis, we generate an envelope detector capable of isolating each of the corresponding step cycles generated during a walk. The walk cycle is defined as one complete sequence of walking/running from the foot pushing off the ground and concluding when returning to the ground. This time information segments the events that are readily seen in the spectrogram but obstructed in the temporal domain into individual walk sequences. This walking sequence is then subsequently translated into a three dimensional waterfall plot defining the expected energy value associated with the motion at particular instance of time and frequency. The value is capable of being repeatable for each particular class and employable to discriminate the events. Highly reliable classification is realized exploiting a classifier trained on a candidate sample space derived from the associated gyrations created by motion from actors of interest. The classifier developed herein provides a capability to classify events as an adult humans, children humans, horses, and dogs at potentially high rates based on the tested sample space. The algorithm developed and described will provide utility to an underused sensor modality for human intrusion detection because of the current high-rate of generated false alarms. The active ultrasonic sensor coupled in a multi-modal sensor suite with binary, less descriptive sensors like seismic devices realizing a greater accuracy rate for detection of persons of interest for homeland purposes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 September 2009
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7480, Unmanned/Unattended Sensors and Sensor Networks VI, 74800U (24 September 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.835631
Show Author Affiliations
Sachi Desai, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Shafik Quoraishee, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7480:
Unmanned/Unattended Sensors and Sensor Networks VI
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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