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Proceedings Paper

Normal free space coupling to fiber Bragg grating sensors
Author(s): Liang Qiu; Michael E. Teitelbaum; Keith W. Goossen; Dirk Heider; Daniel J. O'Brien; Eric D. Wetzel
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Paper Abstract

In recent decades, optical fiber has proven useful for many sensor applications. Specifically, fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors have shown great utility for integrity management and environmental sensing of composite structures. One major drawback of FBG sensors, however, is the lack of a robust, non-"pigtail" technique for coupling the embedded FBG sensor to an external optical interrogation device. In this paper, a novel method of free space passive coupling of light into FBG sensors has been investigated. Angled 45-degree mirrors integrated directly into fibers were used as an input coupling technique. The approach was applied to both single mode and multimode glass fibers containing FBG's. For multimode investigations, mirrors were integrated into graded-index multimode fiber by polishing the end face to a 45-degree angle. In single mode investigations, a novel method of coupling to the sensor via splicing and fusing a multimode fiber to a single mode FBG was explored. Associated transmission spectra are shown for each method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7292, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2009, 72922P (30 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.826461
Show Author Affiliations
Liang Qiu, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Michael E. Teitelbaum, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Keith W. Goossen, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Dirk Heider, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Daniel J. O'Brien, Army Research Lab. (United States)
Eric D. Wetzel, Army Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7292:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2009
Masayoshi Tomizuka, Editor(s)

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