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Proceedings Paper

Fast catadioptric optics with large field of view
Author(s): N. Blanchard; M. Doucet; N. Desnoyers; L. Le Noc; A. Bergeron
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Paper Abstract

High resolution is in demand for the new applications based on the use of infrared technology. For observation task, high resolution provides more information either under the form of better resolving power or larger field-of-view. Various solutions can be envisioned to achieve high resolution imaging. In this paper, a combination of high resolution detector and microscanning system is proposed. This strategy results in higher resolution and reduced aliasing. A catadioptric configuration is preferred when a microscan is required to increase the spatial sampling frequency. Among the catadioptric configurations, the Schmidt-Cassegrain has wide angle capability due to its aspherical entrance window. However, when the system is used in harsh environment, this compensator window may have to be replaced often. In this case, a flat window would be preferred because it can be removed or easily replaced at reasonable cost. The reduction of the aberrations to an acceptable level without compensator window requires that the mirrors of the telescope be aspherized. In this paper, we present a modified Cassegrain telescope with two aspherical mirrors and one field lens. Due to the large obscuration of the secondary mirror, the effective F/1.05 necessitates a larger working F-number of 0.75. The spectral band ranges from 7.0 to 14.0 microns and the focal length is 50mm. The system is designed for the ULIS UL04171 microbolometer detector with 640 x 480 pixels and 25 microns pixel pitch. With this sensor, the total field of view of the system is 22.6 degrees, which is very large for a catadioptric system. A microscan increases the system maximal spatial sampling frequency from 20 to 40 cycles per millimeter. Despite of the compactness, there is enough room between the field lens and the detector to insert a shutter. A baffle extending ahead of the device is needed in this large field of view design to avoid undesired rays reaching the detector.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 August 2009
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7428, Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering X, 74280H (21 August 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.826013
Show Author Affiliations
N. Blanchard, INO (Canada)
M. Doucet, INO (Canada)
N. Desnoyers, INO (Canada)
L. Le Noc, INO (Canada)
A. Bergeron, INO (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7428:
Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering X
Pantazis Z. Mouroulis; R. Barry Johnson; Virendra N. Mahajan, Editor(s)

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