Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

Direct structuring of solids by EUV radiation from a table-top laser produced plasma source
Author(s): Frank Barkusky; Armin Bayer; Christian Peth; Klaus Mann
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $17.00 $21.00

Paper Abstract

In recent years, technological developments in the area of extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) have experienced great improvements. Currently, the application of EUV radiation apart from microlithography comes more and more into focus. Main goal of our research is to utilize the unique interaction between soft x-ray radiation and matter for probing, modifying, and structuring solid surfaces. In this contribution we present a setup capable of generating and focusing EUV radiation. It consists of a table-top laser-produced plasma source. In order to obtain a small focal spot resulting in high EUV fluence, a modified Schwarzschild objective consisting of two spherical mirrors with Mo/Si multilayer coatings is adapted to this source, simultaneously blocking unwanted out-of-band radiation. By demagnified (10x) imaging of the plasma an EUV spot of 5 μm diameter with a maximum energy density of ~0.72 J/cm² is generated (pulse length 8.8 ns). We present first applications of this integrated source and optics system, demonstrating its potential for high-resolution modification and structuring of solid surfaces. As an example, etch rates for PMMA, PC and PTFE depending on EUV fluences were determined, indicating a linear etch behavior for lower energy densities. In order to investigate changes of the chemical composition of PMMA induced by EUV radiation we present FTIR and NEXAFS measurements on irradiated samples. The latter were performed using the laboratory source tuned to the XUV spectral range around the carbon K-edge (λ ~ 4.4 nm) and a flat-field spectrometer. For showing the potential of this setup, first damage tests were performed on grazing incidence gold mirrors. For these thin Gold films, threshold energy densities could be determined, scaling linear with the film thickness.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2009
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 7361, Damage to VUV, EUV, and X-Ray Optics II, 73610D (18 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.822243
Show Author Affiliations
Frank Barkusky, Laser-Lab. Göttingen e.V. (Germany)
Armin Bayer, Laser-Lab. Göttingen e.V. (Germany)
Christian Peth, Laser-Lab. Göttingen e.V. (Germany)
Klaus Mann, Laser-Lab. Göttingen e.V. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7361:
Damage to VUV, EUV, and X-Ray Optics II
Libor Juha; Saša Bajt; Ryszard Sobierajski, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top
Sign in to read the full article
Create a free SPIE account to get access to
premium articles and original research
Forgot your username?