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Proceedings Paper

Oxygen flux as an indicator of physiological stress in aquatic organisms: a real-time biomonitoring system of water quality
Author(s): Brian C. Sanchez; Gowri Yale; Rameez Chatni; Hugo G. Ochoa-Acuña; D. Marshall Porterfield; Eric S. Mclamore; María S. Sepúlveda
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Paper Abstract

The detection of harmful chemicals and biological agents in real time is a critical need for protecting water quality. We studied the real-time effects of five environmental contaminants with differing modes of action (atrazine, pentachlorophenol, cadmium chloride, malathion, and potassium cyanide) on respiratory oxygen consumption in 2-day post-fertilization fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) eggs. Our objective was to assess the sensitivity of fathead minnow eggs using the self-referencing micro-optrode technique to detect instantaneous changes in oxygen consumption after brief exposures to low concentrations of contaminants. Oxygen consumption data indicated that the technique is indeed sensitive enough to reliably detect physiological alterations induced by all contaminants. After 2 h of exposure, we identified significant increases in oxygen consumption upon exposure to pentachlorophenol (100 and 1000 μg/L), cadmium chloride (0.0002 and 0.002 μg/L), and atrazine (150 μg/L). In contrast, we observed a significant decrease in oxygen flux after exposures to potassium cyanide (5.2, 22, and 44 μg/L) and atrazine (1500 μg/L). No effects were detected after exposures to malathion (200 and 340 μg/L). We have also tested the sensitivity of Daphnia magna embryos as another animal model for real-time environmental biomonitoring. Our results are so far encouraging and support further development of this technology as a physiologically coupled biomonitoring tool for the detection of environmental toxicants.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7304, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing X, 730405 (8 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.820193
Show Author Affiliations
Brian C. Sanchez, Purdue Univ. (United States)
Gowri Yale, Purdue Univ. (United States)
Rameez Chatni, Purdue Univ. (United States)
Hugo G. Ochoa-Acuña, Purdue Univ. (United States)
D. Marshall Porterfield, Purdue Univ. (United States)
Eric S. Mclamore, Purdue Univ. (United States)
María S. Sepúlveda, Purdue Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7304:
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing X
Augustus W. Fountain III; Patrick J. Gardner, Editor(s)

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