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Proceedings Paper

Simulations and experimental studies of diffuser/nozzle pumps
Author(s): Lan Bai; Zhiqing Feng; Yihui Wu; Wenlong Li
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Paper Abstract

An investigation of diffuser/nozzle micropumps is presented. Numerical simulations are done using CFD program ANSYS/Flotran. The simulations show when the opening angel is small, the flow in the diffuser/nozzle is steady, the mass flow is increasing with the adding opening angle. But when the opening angel continues increasing, the pressure grads will be bigger than zero. It means that the static pressure is gradually going up along the diverging direction. The fluid near the wall stops flowing because the velocity decreases rapidly and the dynamic pressure is not big enough to overcome the increasing of the static pressure. Finally the fluid flows reversely from the backward position of higher pressure area, this makes the separation flow of fluid, the diffuser is full of reverse fluid. And this results in the dropping of mass flow at last. The simulations also show that the performance of diffuser with a round inlet is better than that with a sharp inlet. The mass flow of micropumps with different opening angles, different inlets are measured. The experimental results agree well with the simulations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 December 2008
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7130, Fourth International Symposium on Precision Mechanical Measurements, 71300N (31 December 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.819560
Show Author Affiliations
Lan Bai, Dalian Nationalities Univ. (China)
Zhiqing Feng, Dalian Nationalities Univ. (China)
Yihui Wu, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics, and Physics (China)
Wenlong Li, Dalian Nationalities Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7130:
Fourth International Symposium on Precision Mechanical Measurements
Yetai Fei; Kuang-Chao Fan; Rongsheng Lu, Editor(s)

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