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Proceedings Paper

Thermal treatment effects on laser surface remelting duplex stainless steel
Author(s): Alex M. do Nascimento; Maria Clara F. Ierardi; M. Aparecida Pinto; Sérgio S. M. Tavares
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Paper Abstract

In this paper the microstructural changes and effects on corrosion resistance of duplex stainless steels UNS S32304 and UNS S32205, commonly used by the petroleum industry, were studied, following the execution of laser surface remelting (LSM) and post-thermal treatments (TT). In this way, data was obtained, which could then be compared with the starting condition of the alloys. In order to analyze the corrosion behaviour of the alloys in the as-received conditions, treated with laser and after post-thermal treatments, cyclic polarization tests were carried out. A solution of 3.5% NaCl (artificial sea water) was used, as duplex stainless steels are regularly used by the petroleum industry in offshore locations. The results obtained showed that when laser surface treated, due to rapid resolidification, the alloys became almost ferritic, and since the level of nitrogen in the composition of both alloys is superior to their solubility limit in ferrite, a precipitation of Cr2N (chromium nitrides) occurred in the ferritic matrix, causing loss of corrosion resistance, thus resulting in an increase in surface hardness. However, after the post-thermal treatment the alloys corrosion resistance was restored to values close to those of the as-received condition.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 April 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7131, XVII International Symposium on Gas Flow, Chemical Lasers, and High-Power Lasers, 71312B (21 April 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.816741
Show Author Affiliations
Alex M. do Nascimento, Univ. Estadual de Campinas (Brazil)
Maria Clara F. Ierardi, Univ. Estadual de Campinas (Brazil)
M. Aparecida Pinto, Univ. Estadual de Campinas (Brazil)
Sérgio S. M. Tavares, Univ. Federal Fluminense (Brazil)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7131:
XVII International Symposium on Gas Flow, Chemical Lasers, and High-Power Lasers
Rui Vilar; Olinda Conde; Marta Fajardo; Luís O. Silva; Margarida Pires; Andrei Utkin, Editor(s)

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