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Proceedings Paper

Optimization of 4D cone-beam CT: evaluation of streaking artifacts and noise with various simulated gantry rotation speeds
Author(s): Moiz Ahmad; Peter Balter; Peter Munro; Jun Lu; Tinsu Pan
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Paper Abstract

We have investigated the relationship between scan parameters and image quality in fourdimensional cone-beam computed tomography (4D-CBCT) performed with a flat panel imager in image-guided radiotherapy. We have determined upper bounds on scan time while achieving objective thresholds of image quality, namely in noise performance and minimization of view aliasing artifacts. A slow-gantry design for 4D-CBCT was used, in which we slow down clinical linear accelerator gantry speed from the typical 1.0 rpm speed to 0.1 - 0.125 rpm, to ensure the projection angle spacing between two consecutive respiratory cycles is less than 3 degrees. A respiratory monitoring device was used to record the respiratory signal for temporal correlation of the projection data for 4D-CBCT image reconstruction. Four patient data sets were acquired. Reference images were reconstructed with all projection data and were compared with images reconstructed with 50%, 33% and 20% of the projection data. These three partial data reconstructions are simulations of scans with shorter acquisition times. The main image degradations in the short scan simulation image sets are streaking artifacts and poor signal to noise ratio, both caused by sparse projection sampling. The amount of streaking artifacts and SNR in each image set is quantified. By allowing some streaking artifacts and not compromising the assessment of tumor motion, we produce images that suggest that a reduction in scan time from 3 to 6 min to approximately 2 min may be possible, making 4D-CBCT feasible in a clinical setting.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 March 2009
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging, 725808 (10 March 2009);
Show Author Affiliations
Moiz Ahmad, The Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Peter Balter, The Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Peter Munro, Varian Medical Systems, Inc. (United States)
Jun Lu, Virginia Commonwealth Univ. (United States)
Tinsu Pan, The Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7258:
Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging
Ehsan Samei; Jiang Hsieh, Editor(s)

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