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Proceedings Paper

Investigating an approach to identifying the biomechanical differences between intercostal cartilage in subjects with pectus excavatum and normals in vivo: preliminary assessment of normal subjects
Author(s): Krzysztof Rechowicz; Frederic McKenzie; Zhenzhen Yan; Sebastian Bawab; Stacie Ringleb
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Paper Abstract

The cause of pectus excavatum (PE) is unknown and little research has been done to assess the material properties of the PE costal cartilage. One source reported, after studying ex vivo various properties of the costal cartilage in cases of PE that the biomechanical stability of PE cartilage is decreased when compared to that of normals. Building on this idea, it would be beneficial to measure the biomechanical properties of the costal cartilages in vivo to further determine the differences between PE subjects and normals. An approach to doing this would be to use a modified FARO arm, which can read applied loads and resulting deflections. These values can be used to establish a finite element model of the chest area of a person with PE. So far, a validated technique for the registration between a CT based 3D model of the ribcage and a skin surface scan in case of PE has been addressed. On the basis of the data gathered from 10 subjects with normal chests using a robot arm, stylus and 3D laser scanner, we tried to evaluate the influence of inter-measurement respiration of a subject on results accuracy and the possibility of using the stylus for deflection measurement. In addition, we established the best strategy for taking measurements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2009
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7261, Medical Imaging 2009: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling, 72612C (13 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.813532
Show Author Affiliations
Krzysztof Rechowicz, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)
Frederic McKenzie, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)
Zhenzhen Yan, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)
Sebastian Bawab, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)
Stacie Ringleb, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7261:
Medical Imaging 2009: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling
Michael I. Miga; Kenneth H. Wong, Editor(s)

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