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Proceedings Paper

Ultra-high density standard cell library using multi-height cell structure
Author(s): Sang-Hoon Baek; Ha-Young Kim; Young-Keun Lee; Duck-Yang Jin; Se-Chang Park; Jun-Dong Cho
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Paper Abstract

As the market size of mobile products is enlarged, low power and high density design in integrated chips are demanding. To meet these market demands, "ultra high density" (UHD) standard cell library becomes essential to further reduce the chip size. Furthermore, to enhance the density of standard cell library especially at 90nm and below, the conventional methods of reducing cell height is not sufficient to meet the density constraints. Motivated by the fact, in this paper, we devise a flexible design technique of UHD library with the multi-height cell structure. Each cell of conventional standard cell libraries with one-layer metal routing has the same cell height. However, multi-height cell library with two-layer metal routing has two types of cell structure: 1) Simple cells (e.g. inverter, nand, nor, etc.) are structured with single height; 2) Complex cells (e.g. flip-flop, latch, mux, etc.) are structured with double height. In this double height cell structure, Metal2 layer is used for power line. Therefore, Metal1 and G-ploy are routed vertically, gaining more Metal1 routing space, and thus we can attain more effective design for manufacturability (DFM). Also, by doing so, design time is reduced while achieving better layout efficiency. We tested logic circuits with 700,000 gates using 90nm technology to compare our new UHD library with existing high density library. Our experimental results show that each of 26 cells (frequently used) is shrunk by 14.29 ~ 26.98%. Furthermore, chip size is shrunk by 13.90 ~ 15.65% compared with high density library.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 December 2008
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7268, Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems IV, 72680C (30 December 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.813462
Show Author Affiliations
Sang-Hoon Baek, Samsung Electronics (Korea, Republic of)
Sungkyunkwan Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Ha-Young Kim, Samsung Electronics (Korea, Republic of)
Young-Keun Lee, Samsung Electronics (Korea, Republic of)
Duck-Yang Jin, Sungkyunkwan Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Se-Chang Park, Sungkyunkwan Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Jun-Dong Cho, Sungkyunkwan Univ. (Korea, Republic of)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7268:
Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems IV
Said Fares Al-Sarawi; Vijay K. Varadan; Neil Weste; Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Editor(s)

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