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Proceedings Paper

A study on the atomic hydrophobicity of peptides in aqueous solutions using molecular dynamics modeling methods
Author(s): Myhuong T. Nguyen; Alan L. Chaffee; Marie Held; Reinhard I. Boysen; Dan V. Nicolau; Milton T. W. Hearn
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Paper Abstract

Accurate quantification of the hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties of protein surfaces requires detailed knowledge of the hydrophobicity of amino acids at the atomic level. As discussed previously in various published papers, molecular modeling can be used with effect to acquire such knowledge. In this study, molecular dynamics methods have been employed to examine the role of the distance between an amino acid atom and its nearest water molecule in relation to its intrinsic atom hydrophobicity. This distance is the radius of the water-excluding-region around the atom; therefore, it can provide information on the solvent accessibility and steric hindrance that may influence the atom hydrophobicity. Molecular models of tripeptide in the form of GXG, and pentapeptides in the form of AcWLXLL-NH2 and AcGGXGGNH2 for 20 natural amino acids in the X position were constructed and allowed to dynamically interact with surrounding water for a sufficient period of time. The distance value for each atom in all natural amino acids were calculated and analyzed against the atom/amino acid's other parameters such as radial distribution function, solvent-accessible surface area, and hydrogen bonding. It was observed that, when the dynamic factor is taken into account, peptide molecular conformation is modified noticeably with residue type. For protein surface identification purposes, preliminary results are consistent with those reported in the literature on the need to include the amino acid structural properties as well as the effects of its neighboring residues. Further investigation is envisaged in order to verify these observations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 December 2008
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7270, Biomedical Applications of Micro- and Nanoengineering IV and Complex Systems, 727002 (30 December 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.810715
Show Author Affiliations
Myhuong T. Nguyen, Monash Univ. (Australia)
Alan L. Chaffee, Monash Univ. (Australia)
Marie Held, The Univ. of Liverpool (United Kingdom)
Reinhard I. Boysen, Monash Univ. (Australia)
Dan V. Nicolau, Monash Univ. (Australia)
The Univ. of Liverpool (United Kingdom)
Milton T. W. Hearn, Monash Univ. (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7270:
Biomedical Applications of Micro- and Nanoengineering IV and Complex Systems
Dan V. Nicolau; Guy Metcalfe, Editor(s)

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