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Proceedings Paper

A novel multi-actuation CMOS RF MEMS switch
Author(s): Chiung-I Lee; Chih-Hsiang Ko; Tsun-Che Huang
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Paper Abstract

This paper demonstrates a capacitive shunt type RF MEMS switch, which is actuated by electro-thermal actuator and electrostatic actuator at the same time, and than latching the switching status by electrostatic force only. Since thermal actuators need relative low voltage compare to electrostatic actuators, and electrostatic force needs almost no power to maintain the switching status, the benefits of the mechanism are very low actuation voltage and low power consumption. Moreover, the RF MEMS switch has considered issues for integrated circuit compatible in design phase. So the switch is fabricated by a standard 0.35um 2P4M CMOS process and uses wet etching and dry etching technologies for postprocess. This compatible ability is important because the RF characteristics are not only related to the device itself. If a packaged RF switch and a packaged IC wired together, the parasitic capacitance will cause the problem for optimization. The structure of the switch consists of a set of CPW transmission lines and a suspended membrane. The CPW lines and the membrane are in metal layers of CMOS process. Besides, the electro-thermal actuators are designed by polysilicon layer of the CMOS process. So the RF switch is only CMOS process layers needed for both electro-thermal and electrostatic actuations in switch. The thermal actuator is composed of a three-dimensional membrane and two heaters. The membrane is a stacked step structure including two metal layers in CMOS process, and heat is generated by poly silicon resistors near the anchors of membrane. Measured results show that the actuation voltage of the switch is under 7V for electro-thermal added electrostatic actuation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 December 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7268, Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems IV, 726804 (30 December 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.810564
Show Author Affiliations
Chiung-I Lee, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)
Chih-Hsiang Ko, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)
Tsun-Che Huang, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7268:
Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems IV
Said Fares Al-Sarawi; Vijay K. Varadan; Neil Weste; Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Editor(s)

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