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Proceedings Paper

Mitigation of weak and strong turbulence-induced fading in optical homodyne RZ-QPSK via delay-diversity transmission
Author(s): Pak S. Cho; Geof Harston; David C. Soreide; Jonathan M. Saint Clair; Yaakov Achiam; Isaac Shpantzer
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Paper Abstract

Delay-diversity transmission employing two orthogonal polarizations in turbulent media has been shown to be effective in combating fading. The technique employs simultaneous transmission of two orthogonal polarizations carrying the same information but delayed relative to each other by an amount (Td) equal to or greater than the turbulence correlation time (τc). At the receiver, the polarization signals are detected separately with Td compensated on the delayed polarization, resynchronizing the two signals, and they are then combined. Because Td is comparable to τc, scintillation suffered by the two resynchronized polarization signals is essentially independent in a statistical sense. As a result, the average bit-error-rate (BER) of the polarization-combined signal is less than the average BER of either one of the polarization signals. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is effectively improved. We describe here an experiment and test results of fading mitigation via polarization delay-diversity reception in homodyne optical RZ-QPSK transmission at 1.55 μm through a tabletop wind tunnel and phase plates. The wind tunnel and the phase plates produce, respectively, weak and strong turbulence with scintillation indexes less than and greater than one. The turbulence correlation time for the wind tunnel is less than 1 ms. The homodyne detected optical RZ-QPSK signals in the two orthogonal polarizations were captured and stored for off-line processing. Test results show that the computed BER of the polarizationcombined signal is lower than the BER of either polarization signals. As a result, an equivalent signal-to-noise ratio improvement of at least 2 dB was deduced.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 May 2009
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7324, Atmospheric Propagation VI, 73240M (6 May 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.810503
Show Author Affiliations
Pak S. Cho, CeLight, Inc. (United States)
Geof Harston, CeLight, Inc. (United States)
David C. Soreide, Optimal Aerospace (United States)
Jonathan M. Saint Clair, The Boeing Co. (United States)
Yaakov Achiam, CeLight, Inc. (United States)
Isaac Shpantzer, CeLight, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7324:
Atmospheric Propagation VI
Linda M. Wasiczko Thomas; G. Charmaine Gilbreath, Editor(s)

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