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Proceedings Paper

Using MIMO transmissions in free-space optical communications in presence of clouds and turbulence
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Paper Abstract

Free Space Optical (FSO) communications is the only viable solution for creating a three-dimensional global communications grid of inter-connected ground and airborne nodes. The high amount of data exchange between satellites and ground stations demands enormous capacity that can not be provided by strictly regulated, scarce resources of the Radio Frequency (RF) spectrum. Free Space Optical (FSO) communications, on the other hand, has the potential for providing virtually unlimited bandwidth. Furthermore, due to the spatial confinement of laser beams, such links are very secure. In other words, security is guaranteed at the physical layer. However, the promised enormous data rates are only available under clear weather conditions, and atmospheric phenomena such as clouds, fog, and even turbulence can degrade the performance, dramatically. While scattering media such as clouds and aerosols cause pulse broadening in space and time, turbulence presents itself as scintillation and fading. Hence, to exploit the great potential of FSO at its best under all weather conditions, prudent measures must be taken in the design of transmitter and receiver. More specifically, multiple transmitters and receivers can be used to de-correlate the turbulence induced fading and to compensate for pulse attenuation and broadening caused by scattering. In this paper, Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) transmitter and receiver designs in FSO communications are investigated and the achievable performance improvements are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 February 2009
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7199, Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XXI, 71990V (24 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.809007
Show Author Affiliations
Zeinab Hajjarian, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Mohsen Kavehrad, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7199:
Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XXI
Hamid Hemmati, Editor(s)

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