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Proceedings Paper

Ventricular defibrillation combining DC electrical field and electrical pacing: an optical mapping study
Author(s): Sai Shruthi Musunuri; Liang Tang; Boyoung Joung; Edward J. Berbari; Shien-Fong Lin
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Paper Abstract

Although high voltage direct current (DC) shock is a standard technique to terminate ventricular fibrillation (VF), it can cause severe pain and tissue damage. The exact effect of the DC electric field, which can depolarize the heart during VF is still unknown. We hypothesized that low-energy DC field in combination with pacing (pacing+DC) could terminate VF by affecting the ventricular propagation pattern. In six Langendorff-perfused isolated rabbit hearts with the ablated sinoatrial (SA) node, the DC field was delivered to the left ventricle (cathode) and right ventricle (anode). We designed a timed protocol using LabVIEW programming that delivers pacing, DC and pacing+DC stimuli for two seconds time intervals each. The pacing pulse (with varying pacing cycle length: 300ms-30ms) was delivered to the apex. Transmembrane voltage was recorded with optical mapping technique for 16 seconds at a sampling rate of 2ms/frame. We crushed the sinoatrial node to reduce the heart rate. The baseline activation appeared to have endocardial origins with a mean escape ventricular rate of 60 ± 5bpm at baseline. The DC field (30mA-60mA) alone increased the mean heart rate to 120±5bpm. Although DC alone terminated VF in a few cases, the rate of termination was very low (6.2%). However, when pacing+DC was applied, it was possible to terminate VF in 34 of 130 episodes in six rabbits. The rate of successful defibrillation of VF with pacing+DC was significantly higher than that with DC alone (20% vs 6.2%, p<0.01). Pacing alone never terminated the VF. In conclusion, DC field may affect the conduction velocity in normal condition. Pacing+DC intervention could lead to regularization of VF propagation and eventually to termination. Further improvement of this approach may offer a higher success rate of defibrillation with lower energy requirements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 February 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7182, Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues VII, 718214 (12 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.808274
Show Author Affiliations
Sai Shruthi Musunuri, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Liang Tang, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Boyoung Joung, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Edward J. Berbari, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Shien-Fong Lin, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7182:
Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues VII
Daniel L. Farkas; Dan V. Nicolau; Robert C. Leif, Editor(s)

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