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Proceedings Paper

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with high detection sensitivity
Author(s): X. K. Shen; H. Ling; Y. F. Lu
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Paper Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) with spatial confinement and LIBS combined with laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) have been investigated to improve the detection sensitivity and selectivity of LIBS. An obvious enhancement in the emission intensity of Al atomic lines was observed when a cylindrical wall was placed to spatially confine the plasma plumes. The maximum enhancement factor for the emission intensity of Al atomic lines was measured to be around 10. Assuming local thermodynamic equilibrium conditions, the plasma temperatures are estimated to be in the range from 4000 to 5800 K. It shows that the plasma temperature increased by around 1000 K when the cylindrical confinement was applied. Fast imaging of the laser-induced Al plasmas shows that the plasmas were compressed into a smaller volume with a pipe presented. LIBS-LIF has been investigated to overcome the matrix effects in LIBS for the detection of trace uranium in solids. A wavelength-tunable laser with an optical parametric oscillator was used to resonantly excite the uranium atoms and ions within the plasma plumes generated by a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. Both atomic and ionic lines can be selected to detect their fluorescence lines. A uranium concentration of 462 ppm in a glass sample can be detected using this technique at an excitation wavelength of 385.96 nm for resonant excitation of U II and a fluorescence line wavelength of 409.01 nm from U II. The mechanism of spatial confinement effects and the influence of relevant operational parameters of LIBS-LIF are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 February 2009
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7202, Laser-based Micro- and Nanopackaging and Assembly III, 72020D (12 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.808110
Show Author Affiliations
X. K. Shen, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln (United States)
H. Ling, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln (United States)
Y. F. Lu, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7202:
Laser-based Micro- and Nanopackaging and Assembly III
Wilhelm Pfleging; Yongfeng Lu; Kunihiko Washio; Willem Hoving; Jun Amako, Editor(s)

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