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Proceedings Paper

Aging and strength improvement of silica optical fibers
Author(s): Rochdi El Abdi; Alexandru Rujnski; Marcel Poulain; Irina Severin
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Paper Abstract

The reliability and the expected lifetime of optical fibers used in telecommunication technologies are closely related to the chemical environment action on the silica network. To ensure the long-term mechanical strength of the optical fibers, a polymer coating was applied onto the fiber surface during fiber fabrication. This external coating is vital to ensure a long fiber lifetime. Its protective action includes several functions, such as to protect glass fiber from any external damage, to limit chemical attack, in particular that of water, and finally to ensure fatigue protection and bending insensitivity. Since the mechanical strength of the fiber is controlled by its surface characteristics, we propose a new method for increasing fiber strength. Submitted to a mechanical stretching, fibers were plunged into hot water and aged for several days. Then, the fibers were removed from the water and various weights were suspended on the fiber ends. Just before the fiber rupture, the fibers were unloaded and subjected to dynamic tensile tests at different velocities. Result analysis proved that the aging in hot water increased the fiber strength. The Weibull's diagram study shows a bimodal dispersion of defects on the fiber surface and the important role of polymer coating.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 August 2008
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7099, Photonics North 2008, 709917 (12 August 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.807092
Show Author Affiliations
Rochdi El Abdi, Univ. de Rennes I (France)
Alexandru Rujnski, Univ. de Rennes I (France)
Politehnica Univ. of Bucharest (Romania)
Marcel Poulain, UMR 6226, Univ. de Rennes I (France)
Irina Severin, Univ. de Rennes I (France)
Politehnica Univ. of Bucharest (Romania)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7099:
Photonics North 2008
Réal Vallée; Michel Piché; Peter Mascher; Pavel Cheben; Daniel Côté; Sophie LaRochelle; Henry P. Schriemer; Jacques Albert; Tsuneyuki Ozaki, Editor(s)

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