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Proceedings Paper

Correlating objective and subjective evaluation of texture appearance with applications to camera phone imaging
Author(s): Jonathan B. Phillips; Stephen M. Coppola; Elaine W. Jin; Ying Chen; James H. Clark; Timothy A. Mauer
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Paper Abstract

Texture appearance is an important component of photographic image quality as well as object recognition. Noise cleaning algorithms are used to decrease sensor noise of digital images, but can hinder texture elements in the process. The Camera Phone Image Quality (CPIQ) initiative of the International Imaging Industry Association (I3A) is developing metrics to quantify texture appearance. Objective and subjective experimental results of the texture metric development are presented in this paper. Eight levels of noise cleaning were applied to ten photographic scenes that included texture elements such as faces, landscapes, architecture, and foliage. Four companies (Aptina Imaging, LLC, Hewlett-Packard, Eastman Kodak Company, and Vista Point Technologies) have performed psychophysical evaluations of overall image quality using one of two methods of evaluation. Both methods presented paired comparisons of images on thin film transistor liquid crystal displays (TFT-LCD), but the display pixel pitch and viewing distance differed. CPIQ has also been developing objective texture metrics and targets that were used to analyze the same eight levels of noise cleaning. The correlation of the subjective and objective test results indicates that texture perception can be modeled with an objective metric. The two methods of psychophysical evaluation exhibited high correlation despite the differences in methodology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 January 2009
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7242, Image Quality and System Performance VI, 724207 (19 January 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.805859
Show Author Affiliations
Jonathan B. Phillips, Eastman Kodak Co. (United States)
Stephen M. Coppola, Eastman Kodak Co. (United States)
Elaine W. Jin, Aptina Imaging, LLC (United States)
Ying Chen, Vista Point Technologies (United States)
James H. Clark, Vista Point Technologies (United States)
Timothy A. Mauer, Hewlett-Packard (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7242:
Image Quality and System Performance VI
Susan P. Farnand; Frans Gaykema, Editor(s)

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