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Proceedings Paper

Optical low-coherence reflectometry for characterization of specialty fibers and photonic crystal waveguides
Author(s): Yves Jaouën; Renaud Gabet; Phillipe Hamel
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Paper Abstract

The emergence of new fibers families induces considerable requirements in terms of characterization and metrology such as group delay, chromatic dispersion, birefringence, bending losses, etc. Unlike classical characterization techniques such as the well-known phase shift method, optical low-coherence reflectometry (OLCR) technique requires only short fiber samples (i.e. <50cm). Characterization results concerning different types of specialty fibers including erbium-doped fibers, few-modes fibers, photonic crystal fibers will be presented. Unique dispersive properties of higher-order mode fibers offer novel solutions for dispersion compensation and nonlinear effects management. OLCR can allow each LP mode characterization without the requirement of mode converters. A new method, called "Time-wavelength mapping," based on the process of the OLCR interferogram is demonstrated as a versatile method to determine chromatic dispersion of each guided LP mode whatever their group index. Different characterization results concerning photonic crystal fibers with guiding based on to the conventional total internal reflection principle - high index guiding - or photonic bandgap effect - low index guiding - will be presented. Finally, we show that the versatility and deep physical insight of OLCR technique can play a key role in the study of photonic crystal waveguides in terms of structural disorder, losses, group delay in highly dispersive region and emphasizes the unique role of this technique in the understanding of their properties.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 August 2008
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 7099, Photonics North 2008, 70990M (11 August 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.804783
Show Author Affiliations
Yves Jaouën, Institut TELECOM, TELECOM ParisTech, CNRS-LTCI (France)
Renaud Gabet, Institut TELECOM, TELECOM ParisTech, CNRS-LTCI (France)
Phillipe Hamel, Institut TELECOM, TELECOM ParisTech, CNRS-LTCI (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7099:
Photonics North 2008
Réal Vallée; Michel Piché; Peter Mascher; Pavel Cheben; Daniel Côté; Sophie LaRochelle; Henry P. Schriemer; Jacques Albert; Tsuneyuki Ozaki, Editor(s)

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