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Proceedings Paper

Investigations of a novel mechanical anti-aliasing filtering fiber-optic hydrophone with a cylindrical Helmholtz resonator
Author(s): Zefeng Wang; Yongming Hu
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Paper Abstract

In general, an operational sonar system will require an anti-aliasing low-pass filter if any high frequency components are present in the sensor phase information. A mechanical filter must be used in the sensor since anti-aliasing filtering must be performed before sampling. Fiber-optic hydrophones with mechanical anti-aliasing filter, which consists of soft closed-cell sponge rubber, have been reported, but they have poor ability of resistance to hydrostatic pressure due to the softness of the rubber. Furthermore, the theoretical analysis and design of the hydrophone are difficult due to the uncertainty of the rubber's mechanical properties. To effectively eliminate the aliasing in a practical sonar system based on interferometric fiber-optic hydrophones, a novel mechanical anti-aliasing filtering fiber-optic hydrophone with a cylindrical Helmholtz resonator has been proposed. The low frequency lumped parameters model of the fiber-optic hydrophone is given based on the theories of electro-acoustic analogy, and the acoustic properties are analyzed using the standard circuit analysis methods. The acoustic sensitivity frequency response is measured in a standing-wave tube using a comparative measurement method. Experimental results show that this new type of fiber-optic hydrophones has good acoustic low-pass filtering performance. The low frequency response, as determined by the sensing mandrel and the fiber optical interferometer, is very flat and the average acoustic phase sensitivity is about -140 dB re 1rad/μPa with a fluctuation within ±1.0 dB. The response curve has a resonant frequency determined by the hydrophone structure. Apart from the resonant frequencies and the high frequency responses, the measured response curves are well in agreement with the simulation results, which show the correction of the model and the theories. It is expected that this new type of mechanical anti-aliasing fiber-optic hydrophone will have wide potential applications in modern sonar systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 November 2008
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7134, Passive Components and Fiber-based Devices V, 71342B (11 November 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.804234
Show Author Affiliations
Zefeng Wang, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Yongming Hu, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7134:
Passive Components and Fiber-based Devices V
Ming-Jun Li; Ping Shum; Ian H. White; Xingkun Wu, Editor(s)

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