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Proceedings Paper

Time series analysis of SAR interferometry derived DEM of Kuwait desert to reduce the affects of atmosphere
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Paper Abstract

Twenty five ASAR scenes are analyzed to find the suitable pairs for generating DEM of Kuwait desert area. About 40 pairs are suitable for generating DEMs. A unique combination of seven DEM are possible with a single master image whose perpendicular baseline component varies between 233 to 393m. GAMMA inerferometric package coupled with ERDAS image processing package are used in the analysis. The seven DEMs are compared with the 90 m DEM derived from SRTM. It has been found that the RMS error varies from 1.9 m to 15.3 m. The highest RMS error refers to day-difference of 525 days with average coherence value of 0.71 (lowest of all). Therefore, correlation will be the cause of higher errors. However, 35 days day-difference pair gave RMS error of 5.5 m with highest coherence value (0.93) which is supposed to produce the lowest RMS error. For the study of spatial distribution of errors, Interferometric DEMs are subtracted from DEM of SRTM. From this analysis, it is observed that the atmospheric affects are aligned and varies systematically. It can give an error in elevation as high as 15 m. Therefore, one should be very careful in using SAR interfoermetry technology for DEM generation even for desert regions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 October 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7109, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XIV, 71091F (10 October 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.801690
Show Author Affiliations
K. S. Rao, Kuwait Univ. (Kuwait)
H. K. Al Jassar, Kuwait Univ. (Kuwait)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7109:
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XIV
Lorenzo Bruzzone; Claudia Notarnicola; Francesco Posa, Editor(s)

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